A Native American sends smoke signals in Montana, June 1909.Photograph by Dr. Joseph K. Dixon, National Geographic Creative
No name, no tribal affiliation, no specific location. Just generic “savage-slot” imagery designed to convey a sense of documentary realism without bothering to actually document reality. The caption is about as informative as “A white person doing a stereotypical white person thing in a state.”
So, a reverse image search led me to this page on the NatGeo website with this caption but no information about the individual:
Photograph by Joseph K. Dixon/National Geographic Stock
These smoke signals were staged on a hilltop in Montana in 1909 for the book The Vanishing Race. The tribe of the messenger is unknown, but nearly all Plains Indians used this speedy form of sending news.
The book’s author, Joseph K. Dixon—an ethnographer sent by President William Howard Taft to document the disappearing traditions of Native Americans—became more than an objective observer. According to his book’s acknowledgments, while on a later expedition that spanned 26,000 miles and 189 tribes, Dixon was adopted by the Wolf clan of the Mohawk Nation and given the name of Ka-ra-Kon-tie, or Flying Sun.
— Johnna Rizzo